What Precautions Should Take Care While Choosing Skin Care Products?

Every time you turn on the TV or surf the internet, you come across an advertisement for a new skin care product that promises to reduce aging lines and make you look younger. Sometimes, it becomes overwhelming to see all these skin care brands jostling for creating a niche in the industry. So, how can one decide the right product to choose? Go to a skin expert or just follow these basic tips and precautions while choosing a skin care product. 

1.      Know your skin type –
You must know and understand your skin type before choosing any skin care product. The five major types of skin are oily, dry, sensitive, normal, and combination. If you don’t know your skin type, wash your face and wait for a couple of hours to observe the skin in comparison with its natural state.
You have normal skin if your skin shows few imperfections but no significant sensitivities or visible pores. On the other hand, oily skin has large pores and is prone to blackheads or acne arising from clogged pores. If you are suffering from red or itchy patches on the skin, you may have dry skin. Moreover, dry skin is rough, scaly, or dull and the skin pores are so small that they are practically invisible. A combination skin combines areas of normal, oily, or dry skin. For instance, several people have large pores that produce oil on their foreheads and chins. If you are confused about your skin type, consult a dermatologist. 
2.      Do a patch test –
Once you know your skin type, look for ingredients of the product that your skin could be sensitive to. For instance, people with dry skin should opt for a product that contains ingredients like sodium or ammonium lauryl sulfate. To be safe, you should perform a patch test first. Test the product on a small area of skin on the inside of your forearm. This would ensure that, in case of an adverse reaction, you won’t be left with a red or swollen face. 
3.      Don’t be fooled by miracle –
Advertisements of skin care products could be at times misleading–especially those who claim that their product offers instant effects–do not rush to the store to buy them but use your judgment. The reputable product line may seem costly but are safe and most likely to be the best bet for your skin. Moreover, before buying any new product, scan the label for legit claims and look for a concentration of active ingredients. Whenever possible, choose those products with a relatively short list of ingredients, so as to rule out the possibility of an allergic reaction. 
4.      Look for products that have SPF 30 or higher –
It has become crucial to protect the skin from the harsh sunny weather. Thus, opt for those skin care products that have sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 or higher to maintain skin health. The SPF number depicts the level of protection the product provides against ultraviolet B (UVB) rays. It has observed that SPF 15 sunscreens filter out about 93% of the UVB rays, while SPF 30 and SPF 50sunscreens filter out about 97% and 98% UVB rays respectively. Thus, ensure that your skin care products have SPF 30or higher and not SPF below 15 as it does not protect from skin aging or skin cancer. 
5.      Seek advice from a dermatologist –
If you still have any doubts about a product, seek advice from an expert or dermatologist. It is rightly said that not all expensive and popular products are good for your skin. Thus, an expert’s opinion can steer you in the right direction of the best products for your skin.